Russell H. Taylor received his Ph.D. in Computer Science from Stanford in 1976. After spending 1976 to 1995 as a Research Staff Member and research manager at IBM Research, he moved to Johns Hopkins University, where he is the John C. Malone Professor of Computer Science with joint appointments in Mechanical Engineering, Radiology, and Surgery and is also Director of the Laboratory for Computational Sensing and Robotics (LCSR) and of the (graduated) NSF Engineering Research Center for Computer-Integrated Surgical Systems and Technology (CISST ERC).

His research interests include medical robotics and computer-integrated interventional medicine.  He is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of the IEEE, of the AIMBE, of the MICCAI Society, of the National Academy of Inventors, and of the Engineering School of the University of Tokyo. He has also received numerous awards, including the Maurice Mueller Award, the IEEE Robotics Pioneer Award, the MICCAI Enduring Impact Award, the IEEE EMBS Technical Field Award, and the Honda Prize.